Facts about: Trees
This fact sheet helps you work out what to do if your neighbour has an overhanging tree or a tree that is a problem in some way. You can download a copy of the fact sheet here (.pdf 93kb).
There are five possible steps you can take to resolve a problem with trees:
- Talk to your neighbour.
- Get help from a mediator.
- Cut the tree yourself.
- Write a letter before taking legal action.
- Go to the local court.
Step 1: Talk to your neighbour
Arrange a meeting with your neighbour when you both have time to:
- state clearly how you see the problem
- listen to what each other has to say
- work out how the problem can be solved.
If a neighbour’s trees are overhanging your fence or if the roots are intruding onto your property in a way that causes an ongoing, unreasonable interference with your enjoyment of your property, then the law says that this is a nuisance.
You can take action to stop that nuisance. You will normally get a faster and cheaper result if you offer to help your neighbour cut down the branches or dig up the roots.
Tree owners do not have responsibility for leaves falling on their neighbour’s land unless they cause damage or injury or if fallen branches overhang the boundary.
Step 2: Get help from a mediator
Try to agree
If it is difficult to talk with your neighbour about the problem on your own, you can seek help from a mediator. A mediator helps to guide discussion between you and the person with whom you are having a problem. They do not decide who is right or wrong and they can’t impose a decision on you in the way that a court can.
Put it in writing
It is a good idea to put any agreement you reach in writing. State clearly what you agree to: type of action to be taken, by whom, amounts of money to be paid, and completion date. Don’t forget to sign and date your agreement.
Step 3: Cut the tree yourself
If you can’t reach an agreement with your neighbour, you have the right to cut off branches or roots that extend over the fence line of your property. The law does not require you to notify your neighbour, as long as you don’t enter their property. However, it is best to let your neighbour know that you are going to exercise your legal right to cut down the overhanging parts of the tree and ask them if they want the branches or roots back.
The law says that any branches, roots, or fruit that you cut off must be returned to your neighbour. You must be careful not to cause any damage when returning branches to your neighbour’s garden.
You will have to pay for the removal of bigger branches or roots, unless your neighbour agrees to help with the cost, or a court orders that these costs be paid.
Step 4: Write a letter before taking legal action
If you go to court, it will take time and money to get a result. It is best to first write a letter to your neighbour. The letter should state that it is their legal responsibility to fix the problem with the tree and that if they don’t do this within a certain period of time, you intend to take them to court.
Step 5: Go to the local court
This should be your last resort. Taking any sort of legal action can be a long and expensive process. It is unlikely to help your relationship with your neighbour in the future. If possible, aim to come to some agreement without going through the court system.
If the tree owner is unwilling to pay the cost of repairs or compensation, you can request a court to order payment by making a small claim in the local court. A small claim is a claim for an amount of money up to $10 000 or a work order (an order that someone perform work, return, repair, or replace goods).
You can apply to the court on the basis of nuisance or negligence.
To establish nuisance, you must be able to prove that:
- the tree causes an ongoing, unreasonable interference with the enjoyment of your property
- you are a tenant or owner of the land that the tree is overhanging
- the tree owner can control the interference.
If a nuisance is established, the court can order the tree owner to pay the costs of repairs caused by the tree (e.g. cracked pipes or damaged gutters) and/or the cost of removing the branch, roots, or tree.
Under the law of negligence, compensation is only available if you can prove that:
- actual physical damage has occurred
- a reasonable person could foresee that the damage was likely
- reasonable care was not taken to avoid it.
It is very difficult to establish that damage caused by falling trees or branches is the result of negligence on the part of the tree owner, unless it can be shown that the danger had previously been drawn to the owner’s attention and that the owner had failed to do something about it.
Call the Legal Aid Helpline on 1800 019 343 if you would like information about making a small claim or need an appointment for legal advice.
Northern Territory Legal Aid Commission
Call the Legal Aid Helpline 1800 019 343 (free call)
People who speak other languages can access the Legal Aid Helpline by calling the Translating and Interpreting Service (TIS) on 13 14 50 and asking for the interpreter to connect them to the Legal Aid Helpline.
Disclaimer: The information in this fact sheet is current as at April 2018. This content is provided as an information source only and is not legal advice. It is correct at the time of publication, but laws change. If you have a legal problem you should seek advice from a lawyer.